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Pen evolution

Early attempts to make water pens

Over the years, people have been trying to solve the problem of continuous supply of ink pen itself. One of the earliest successful pencils in history was specially crafted in Egypt in 969 for the establishment of the Canimdo Moose of Van Damme. This more perfect pen was described in a manuscript entitled "Meetings and mont blanc pens discount Discussions" from 969-75 AD. Copies of this book are kept in the library at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. This pen has a great reference value for the subsequent pen manufacturing. It was firstly appreciated by the scholar Hassen Elbanca Manmond, who translated and published the content in 1951.

Daniel Swint published the book "Precise Physical Mathematics" in Nuremberg in 1636, describing a simple feather pen with water storage. The book was reprinted in Zurich in 1651. The book wrote: This pen from the inside and outside the double-pinch tube composition, the inner tube Ling-end there is a small hole, filled with ink will be the other end of the opening closed, the Ling tube inserted into the tip with a large tube , The inner pinhole and the outer pinhole Ling tube cut into a straight line, the supply of ink is completed by squeezing the Ling pipe. Although this kind of pen did not spread widely, the idea of ??a pen in this pen was adopted until the early of the last century until the pelican pen made by Draeger appeared.

Penalty pen

The earliest and most well-known source for a British pen was the diary of Sam Peppis on August 5, 1663, in which he wrote: "This evening I received a business letter from Mr. Coventry with a Silver pen, he assured me that the pen can hold the ink, this is very important. "

Pepys spoke with great appreciation elsewhere in his diary about the convenience of carrying a pen containing ink in his travels, but because he did not elaborate on the pen, there was a lot of thought about the look of the pen . It is likely that Pepys refers here to a Penal Pens instead of a pen. Pensar Pens prevailed in the Middle Ages, and by the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries Pentagon pens improved in style and peaked. Such pens have their own supply of ink devices (though the water storage devices are to be mont blanc pen installed at the rear end, and often require a pencil with a stick of paper or sandpaper attached). People should at least see that the Pena Pens already have a fountain pen or ink pen prototype, but collectors have different opinions.

Byhan's not pen

Nikolai Byrne, the leading provider of receiving and dispatch room facilities to King Louis XIV, published The Principle and Making of Mathematical Tools in 1715, describing and describing "no pen" With illustration. This book was translated into English in 1723. This pen has been used for nearly a century. According to the principle of Bayern produced and retained the earliest dates back to 1702. A pen design similar to Byrne was published in 1764. Presumably, the latest Byrne Pen was made in the 1870s. The eighteenth century was a glorious period of writing instruments. The long-term use of Byrne pen is not a reflection of the slow development of the pen, but to promote the successful portrayal of pen to maturity.

Byin pen simple principle, the hollow pen body has played the role of the reservoir, the end of the pen stopper plug, feather pen tip done by rotation placed in the pen at the other end of the thin tube, and then capped, The size of the cap matches the nib. There is a thin plug mont blanc ballpoint pens to prevent ink from leaking from the tube. Later, some ink pen feather tip was replaced by a metal tip. Take off the cap every time you use it, toss the pen, the ink flows out of the water storage device and flows into the nib through the barrel. Byrne pen mostly made of brass, but the major manufacturers in London or Paris also have custom made gold pen and silver pen. Sometimes this pen shell with fashionable materials (such as mother of pearl, etc.) decoration.

Ink pen from 1880 till now

The birth of modern tap fountain pen

Everyone mistakenly thought that Waltmann invented the fountain pen in 1884, and this erroneous view mainly came from Walt Mann's well-made story. He became famous because he was the first American to receive a patented trough ink, but he was not the first to invent trough ink supply technology. As we can see, the 1809 Pen by Joseph Bama used the trough ink supply technology, and other pioneers of water storage, including Forrester and J.J. Parker, recognized the importance of balancing the air pressure. As you can imagine, if these inventors enjoyed the same benefits as the Walt Whitman in the 1880s due to various factors such as smooth flow of ink, cheap pen tips and hard pencils, the modern fountain pen It will be born 60 years or 70 years in advance.

Lewis Edson Waltman, a New York insurance broker, is not an inventor. He is said to have lost a major business because of his pen's ink leaked to the contract. When he took over the contract, the business was taken away by a competitor. So, Walt Whitman decided to have a reliable pen, and even did not hesitate to make it.

On February 12, 1884, Walt Whitman won the first patent. His pen moves the ink through the feed slot, capillary from the reservoir to the pen tip, and at the same time an equal volume of air enters the reservoir through the orifice at the bottom of the tube.